Sunday, 10 February 2019

16 Kinds of Simple Learning Media, Students Become cheerfull of Learning

  learning media with sketches  In the world of education , learning media have an important role in teaching and learning activities .
Illustration of

The learning media itself has the aim that the teaching and learning process is more effective and easy to apply. But the reality of learning media is often overlooked by reason of the limited time to prepare for teaching, it is difficult to find the right media, and the unavailability of costs.

In order for the learning process to be easy and efficient, educators must choose the media that is relevant to the learning objectives to be achieved. Well, the kinds of simple learning media have many kinds that can actually be applied in teaching and learning activities.
Media is a tool or facility or device that serves to convey information. While learning media is everything that can be used to channel messages from the sender to the recipient so that it can stimulate thoughts, feelings, attention and interest in learning that leads to the occurrence of the learning process.

Pictures and Images 
1. Picture The kinds of simple picture learning media referred to here include photos, paintings / drawings, and sketches. This type of learning media aims at the appearance of various types of images to visualize the concepts that are to be conveyed to students.

2. Drawing up The kinds of learning media for finished images can be taken from magazines, brochures, leaflets, etc. that can be used in the learning process. 

3. Line drawing (sketch) The main characteristic in making line drawings, namely the existence of objects, actions, or situations that you want to describe. With line drawings students will understand learning through drawing sketches. 

4. Still image Various types of learning media through the media of still images are visual media in the form of images produced through the photographic process, for example: photos, pictures, maps.

5. Photographic images Photographic images are obtained from several sources, for example from newspapers, paintings, cartoons, illustrations, photos obtained from various sources can be used effectively by teachers in teaching and learning activities with specific objectives. 

 There are five kinds of photographic images that must be considered, including: • Photographic images must be sufficient. • Images must meet quality artistic requirements. • Photographic images for teaching purposes must be large enough and clear. • Validity of the image, which is whether the image is true or not. • Attract children's attention, this tends to the things that are observed, for example, animals, trains, airplanes and so on. 

6. Maps and Globe Just like the next learning medium is a map and the globe serves to present location data, such as: surface conditions (earth, land, rivers, mountains), places and directions and distances. Other advantages of maps and globes, in teaching and learning activities are: • Allows students to understand the positions of political unity, island areas and others. • Stimulates student interest in the population and geographical influences. • Allows students to get an idea of immigration and population distribution, plants and animal life, and the actual shape of the earth. Bar Graphs and Graphs 

7. Graphic The kind of graphic learning media is a depiction of numerical data, dotted with a reciprocal relationship that forms information. The graphical function is to illustrate quantitative data carefully and describe the development. There are several types of graphics, including: • The bar graph, created by using the stem as a description of the data set vertically or horizontally. • Line graphs Line graphs are used to illustrate trends and link two data sets, which are based on two scales at perpendicular angles. For example, the graph can show the relationship of pressure and temperature if the volume of gas is kept constant. 

 8. Graph of circles Circle charts are used to describe information about the portion (allocation) of available funds. The total percentage of the segment is 100%. Image and Whiteboard graphics 

9. Graphic images Image graph is an alternative form of bar graph that is used to describe values. To facilitate understanding and avoid confusion, we recommend that the value of each set of images be included.  
10. Whiteboard Whiteboard and whiteboard are one of the presentation media for learning. This media is used for presenting writing or sketching images using chalk or markers. Flannel and Display Board 

11. Flannel Board Various types of flannel board learning media are effective visual media to present certain messages to certain targets as well. This flannel cloth board can be folded and practical. Images that can be easily installed and removed, so they can be used many times. 

 12. Display Display can be made as a simple learning media in the first way, choosing images that are in accordance with the subjects. Second, the images are directly affixed to the bulletin board using tacks. Relia and Poster 

13. Relia The kinds of relia learning media are real objects, which do not have to be presented in the classroom but students can look directly at the object, so they can provide real experiences to students. Example: Study the diversity of living things. 

14. Poster Posters are portrayals that are intended as notifications, warnings, or draw attention by uniting images, colors, writing, and words. A good poster must be dynamic, highlight quality. The poster must be simple, it does not require a thought for the observer in detail, must be strong enough to attract attention, otherwise it will be lost. Chart and Herbarium 

15. Bagan (Chart) Chart is a presentation in the form of graphic images that inform relationships. For example: chronology, number, and hierarchy. A good variety of learning media, the chart must be: understandable, simple and straightforward, and have an attraction. There are several charts or charts, including: • 
Tree Chart (Tree Chart) Tree charts are like a tree consisting of stems, branches, and twigs. As the name implies, a tree chart is developed from a base consisting of several roots towards a single stem. Examples are genealogical charts. 
• Chart Chart Classification is used to explain or classify objects, events and taxonomies. 
• Timeline Chart, illustrating chronological relationships between events that occur. Timeline is useful for summarizing time sequences from a series of events. 
• Flowchart (Flowchart) is a process chart that shows a sequence, procedure or process flow. 

16. Herbarium Herbarium is a collection or sample of plants that have been dried or preserved, clarified, and glued to paper with certain information. This aticle is compiled from the writing of Afifah Cinthia Pasha, Jakarta

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